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Hepatitis is inflammatory condition of the liver commonly caused by a viral infection.

The liver is  largest internal organ, sitting on the right hand side of the belly. It functions are many including regulation of the body chemical, breaking down and detoxifying substances in the body, and it also acting as a storage unit, amongst others.

One of the commonest disease of the liver is hepatitis.

Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is commonly transmitted through the consumption of food or water contaminated by faeces of a person infected with hepatitis A. It is caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). Some of the ways to prevent this disease is through good hygiene, clean and food and drink etc. However, vaccination is the most effective means to prevent HAV infection and reduce disease incidence.

Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is communicated or transmitted through contact with the body fluids of someone who is infected with Hepatitis. Some such body fluids are blood, vaginal secretions, or semen and etc. It is a sexually transmitted disease. It is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Immunisation (active, passive, passive-active) is an effective way to prevent this disease.

Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is from the hepatitis C virus (HCV). It is commonly transmitted through direct contact with body fluids of infected people. It major transmitting material is injection drug and through sexual contact. Regular counselling and testing are preventive measures against this, amongst others.

Hepatitis D
Hepatitis D is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis D virus (HDV). It is also called delta hepatitis, and it is commonly communicated through contact with the blood of an infected person. This virus disease is rare but occurs closely with hepatitis B. Someone can only become infected with hepatitis D if they are already infected with hepatitis B.

Hepatitis E
Hepatitis E is a disease that is predominant in environments with very poor sanitation attitude. It is a waterborne disease resulting from contaminated water through faeces. It is caused by the hepatitis E virus (HEV) and mainly common in developing nations of the world.

Hepatitis can be caused by intake of substance that are harmful to the body system such as alcohol and other toxins and infections.


Hepatitis, types and causes

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